Dermatologists treat medical and cosmetic issues of the skin, nails and hair. They also do surgical procedures and prescribe medications.


Aspiring dermatologists must earn a four-year bachelor’s degree in pre-med or science and pass the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). High-level coursework in biology, organic chemistry and physics is recommended.

Skin Diseases

Dermatology involves the study, research and diagnosis of diseases that affect the skin, fat, hair and nails. These diseases may be infectious or non-infectious, and they can range from common conditions such as acne, psoriasis, and warts to rare ones such as lichen planus and melanoma.

Those who suffer from skin disease often experience distress, pain, and discomfort. They want to be treated and they wish for a sound diagnosis. They also expect clear information, practical advice and realistic expectations from their 구월동피부과 dermatologist. Providing psychological support is an important part of caring for patients with skin disease and this should involve the patient at every step.

A visit to a dermatologist starts with a discussion of the patient’s medical and health history and a full examination of the entire body. The doctor will check all areas from the scalp to the soles of the feet, paying special attention to any areas that are causing the patient particular problems. The doctor may also request a laboratory test such as blood work, allergy testing, a skin scraping or a biopsy before diagnosing the problem.

Some dermatological disorders can cause psychosocial problems that require psychiatric care. One example is body dysmorphic disorder, which occurs when a person becomes preoccupied with an imaginary flaw or imperfection on their skin. This disorder can lead to distress and significant impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning.

Cosmetic Issues

If you have a skin, hair or nail condition that won’t go away with over-the-counter medications and other treatments, it may be time to see a dermatologist. These specialists can prescribe higher-strength topical and oral medicines, and they offer surgical procedures to address more severe conditions. 구월동피부과

Most people think of a dermatologist as someone who diagnoses and treats skin diseases, but these physicians also take care of cosmetic issues that affect the skin, nails, and hair. They can perform many different types of treatments, including chemical peels, laser treatment and surgery. The goal is to improve the appearance of the skin, nails and hair and relieve symptoms.

When you’re ready to see a dermatologist, get a referral from your general practitioner (GP). This will ensure that the specialist is aware of your overall medical history and previous treatments, and it can also help with insurance coverage.

During your appointment, the dermatologist will go over your medical and family history and examine your entire body. If you have a specific concern, bring photos and any other information that can help the doctor make a diagnosis. It’s a good idea to wear loose clothing and remove makeup and nail polish, as these items can interfere with the examination. It’s also helpful to keep a diary of your symptoms, such as when they began and when they ended, how severe they were, what caused them and any other information that may help the doctor understand the problem.

Preventive Care

Many people don’t realize that there are different types of medical care: preventive and diagnostic. Preventive services are usually provided when you are symptom-free and help you stay healthy. These include exams, shots and lab tests as well as programs for health monitoring and counseling.

You and your doctor can use CDPHP’s guidelines for care to make decisions about what health screenings and other preventive services are right for you. Preventive care is often covered at 100% by your health insurance plan and can help you stay symptom-free and catch illness or disease early when treatment is more likely to be successful. Diagnostic care is more complex and includes any tests or treatments that you receive at a visit that address existing symptoms and are considered to be treating a condition (for example, a blood test for cholesterol). These kinds of appointments may require payment of a deductible or copay.


Becoming a dermatologist requires nearly a decade of post-secondary education and training. Medical school candidates must complete a bachelor’s degree, four years of medical school, and one year of internship before they can take the USMLE Step 1. After that, dermatology doctors must spend another three to seven years in a residency program. Then, they can pursue additional study and certification in a subspecialty like dermatopathology or Mohs surgery.

Patient education is important for the success of any healthcare treatment, but it is particularly crucial in a field such as dermatology. In a recent study, researchers investigated the effectiveness of several patient-education strategies, including verbal information and group learning. They found that purely verbal education does not work as a standalone strategy, and it may predispose patients to information overload. However, it can be useful when combined with other educational tools, such as written information or group-based learning.

Professional development programs that encourage physicians-in-training to act as educators are increasingly common. These programs can influence the way residents think about their roles and how they behave in their clinics. In a study, scholars examined how dermatology residents form identities as educators through these programs. They found that investing in residents as educators can have far-reaching impacts, on both the individuals and their profession. They also recommend that residency programs consider assessing and supporting resident-as- educator programs.